Bioluminescence is the production of light by living organisms such as jellyfish, fireflies and many fish and other underwater species.
And a few random ones
The dinoflagellates (dinos) housed in the Dino Sphere are single-celled plankton. More specifically these dinoflagellates are a marine species of unicellular non-toxic phytoplankton known as Pyrocystis fusiformis. They have chloroplasts and photosynthesize, just like plants do during the day. At night, these dinos have the ability to bioluminesce in response to mechanical stimulation (movement).
Our Dinoflagellates are a small faction of a larger population of phytoplankton that produce more than half the oxygen on Earth. More than all the grass, trees, forests and rainforests put together. So they help protect our oceans and all the creatures, big and small, both inside and outside of the water – even you.
Scientists hypothesize that bioluminescence helps dinoflagellates avoid some night-time predation. The theory is referred to as the Burglar-Alarm Theory. When dinoflagellates are being eaten (disturbed, to say the least) their natural light gives away the location of the predator and in turn that predator becomes dinner for a larger fish or predator. Bye-bye dino predator. Lights out.
The dinoflagellates will last up to 30 days inside the Dino Egg pouch. If you’d like to keep them thriving after that point, simply transfer them into a sterilized clear container of your choosing! Be sure to add Dino Nutrients every 7-10 days after the transfer to keep them at optimal health.
Finding a happy home for your dinoflagellates (dinos) is easier than you think! Place your dinos in a room that gets soft light during the day, and darkness at night. Light bulbs work well as a light source, but make sure they aren’t overheating the dinos. A small amount of light at night is ok, but please find as dark a spot as you can manage. Dinos enjoy the same temperatures that you and I typically do (63-77° F or 17-25° C).
The dinoflagellates in our products (Pyrocystis fusiformis) are nontoxic and completely safe for humans and animals. That being said, we dolphin-ately don't recommend drinking the dinoflagellates because they live in salt water that can give you an upset stomach.
Just pour some of your dinos into a new, sterile container that closes. You can use a clear glass container, plastic bottle, or you can purchase an empty Dino Pet Shell or empty Dino Sphere. Be sure to add Dino Nutrients every 7-10 days after the transfer to keep them at optimal health.
Dinoflagellates (dinos) are special because they have a circadian clock that controls when they can take in light and when they can produce light. Like most of us, they follow the sunrise and sunset of the day.
Since your dinos were born in San Diego, they are accustomed to glowing 5pm PT - 5am PT. Depending on where you live, there might be a slight time difference to account for initially. Your dinos will adapt to your schedule over time.
Ideally, dinos should be placed in a location that gets 10-14 hours of moderate light and 10-14 hours of darkness each day. Dinos should not receive bright light or direct sunlight as this can heat them up. Soft artificial light will work just fine.
Let us put your mind at seas... it's okay to shake your dinos! Dinoflagellates exist in tumultuous environments in the natural world. They're used to cruising with the currents and crashing with the waves, so a little shake is nothing they aren’t well accustomed to.
Furthermore, dinos are a photosynthetic plankton (marine algae). This means they’re much more akin to the grass in your yard than they are to the dog in your yard. Dinoflagellates don’t have brains, nervous systems, pain receptors or anything of the sort.
Although some species of dinoflagellates (dinos) live in fresh water, the particular dinos we sell (Pyrocystis fusiformis) are found naturally in the deep blue sea. BioPop collected a few dinos off the coast of San Diego to start our original culture. Today, our dinos are continuously reproducing in our greenhouse-like environment so as not to impact the environment or global dino population.
You need to interact with your dinoflagellates (dinos) at night, in the dark in order to see them glow.
Just as in nature, the light dinos emit is transient, lasting only while the dinos are in motion. Once you stop moving them, the light quickly fades until their environment is in motion again. This helps them conserve energy so they can continue to #staylit.